KINDS OF OCEAN VESSEL
Based on each kinds of ocean vessel structure as well as transport characteristics, sea transport ocean vessel will be divided into the following types:
Container ocean vessel
Container kind of ocean vessel are designed with specific standards in terms of size, weight, structure... Normally, container ocean vessel have a capacity of 1,000 to 5,000 TEU. Therefore, this type of vessel can hold a large volume of cargo.
The main characteristic of container ocean vessel is their role in transporting cargo in large quantities and volumes. The ocean vessel has a fast moving speed and a large cargo area. Container ocean vessel can transport most common types of cargo.
Bulk ocean vessel
A bulk carrier is a ocean vessel that transports cargo that are not packaged or crated. The cargo transported are usually raw cargo such as coal, iron ore, grain, sulfur, scrap, etc. These cargo are often stored directly in the ocean vessel's waterproof cargo compartments.
The characteristics of a bulk carrier are that the ocean vessel has a deck with a solid structure, side tanks and tanks hanging on both sides of the cargo hold. This helps create ventilation and easily adjust the ocean vessel's center of gravity when necessary.
In addition, the ocean vessel also has a spacious hatch to serve loading and unloading cargo. The cargo hold of a bulk carrier is often reinforced to withstand the impact of cargo.
General ocean vessel
A department ocean vessel is a ocean vessel that is used solely for the transport of groceries. These are cargo that are packed in boxes (boxes, sacks ..) or arranged separately in a fixed position (machinery, industrial equipment, metal sheets...).
The advantage of a cargo ocean vessel is that it transports a variety of cargo. However, this type of ocean vessel often does not take full advantage of its carrying capacity and cannot carry specialized items.
Tanker ocean vessel
A liquid carrier is a specialized vessel for transporting liquids such as crude oil (Crude Oil Tankers), chemicals (Chemical Tankers), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) tankers. Liquefied Natural Gas Carriers (LNG). Besides, this type of ocean vessel is also used to transport wine, water or other liquids.
The characteristic of a liquid transport ocean vessel is that the ocean vessel's hull is very solid and the ocean vessel is divided into many separate compartments. The ocean vessel is also equipped with a system of pumps and pipes on the deck and storage compartment to serve the pumping and suctioning of liquids.
Ro-Ro ocean vessel
Roro is abbreviation for the English phrase Roll on/Roll of. Roro trains are designed to transport wheeled cargo such as cars, trailers, train cars, etc...
A characteristic of the Roro ocean vessel is that the access bridges are often equipped at the stern and side of the ocean vessel. Thanks to that, self-propelled vehicles can load and unload cargo easily. The ocean vessel has a massive block, the superstructure runs throughout, sealing both the length and the width of the ocean vessel.
Lighter Aboard ocean vessel
Barge vessel is a transport system consisting of a large tonnage mother ocean vessel and barges with a tonnage of 500 - 1000 tons. Barges are loaded with cargo or containers and are towed from river ports to sea ports to be loaded onto mother ocean vessel. To load barges onto ocean vessel, cranes, hydraulic lifting systems or floating methods can be used.
Logger ocean vessel
This is a special type of ocean vessel used to carry cargo of whole wood or vehicle wood. The characteristics of a wooden ocean vessel are that the ocean vessel's side is high and strong, and the ocean vessel has a specialized structure to keep the wooden blocks from moving during transportation.
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